Reference documents

Outline of a Model and System of Responsible Federalism

Following the insurrections of British Upper Canada and French Lower Canada against their abusive colonial governments, they were united in 1840 under one legislature and one government to create the Province of Canada. The people were determined to set up a government that would be responsible for its exercise of the powers of the state.

Added 09/03/2022

The Most Important Questions to be Resolved

1) How can the mandate and composition of the coalition Cabinet be approved by a majority of the united houses of Parliament? In the Province of Canada, the Governor General chose a leader of the House of Assembly he believed could command a majority of Parliament. This one would choose a leader of the section

Added 09/03/2022

Introduction to a Form of Government ensuring Responsible Federalism originating in the Province of Canada in the Mid-Nineteenth Century

In the Reference re: the secession of Quebec, the Supreme Court of Canada defined federalism as the political structure and the political mechanism permitting the conciliation of unity and diversity. The Court reiterates that the provinces should be represented in this federal political structure and that the central government should be entrusted with jurisdiction only

Added 12/02/2022

THE QUEBEC ACT, A Study in Statesmanship

THE QUEBEC ACT, A Study in Statesmanship (Excerpts) By R. Coupland, Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1925                                     INTRODUCTION There is, perhaps, no more important fact in modern history than the fact that the British people… were given the rare privilege of a second change – a chance to

Added 25/04/2019

Lord Durham’s Report on the Affairs of British North America abridged to highlight constitutional defects and recommendations with context

REPORT TO THE QUEEN’S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY                                                                                                 

Added 26/03/2018

Lord Durham’s report abridged to highlight the constitutional defects and his recommendations of constitutional reform*

Lord Durham’s report abridged to highlight the constitutional defects and his recommendations of constitutional reform* Download the PDF version Editor’s Note of Introduction In his report, Lord Durham explains the source of the defect in the colonial Constitution which had caused the denial of the constitutional freedom of the inhabitants of the country, the corruption

Added 26/03/2018

Lord Durham’s Report on British North America

BRITISH NORTH AMERICA   REPORT   TO THE QUEEN’S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY   May it please your majesty   Your majesty, in entrusting me with the Government of the Province of Lower Canada, during the critical period of the suspension of its constitution, was pleased, at the same time, to impose on me a task

Added 30/05/2017

Renvoi relatif à la sécession du Québec,1998

Renvoi relatif à la sécession du Québec, [1998] 2 R.C.S. 217 DANS L=AFFAIRE DE l=article 53 de la Loi sur la Cour suprême, L.R.C. (1985), ch. S-26; ET DANS L=AFFAIRE D=UN renvoi par le Gouverneur en conseil au sujet de certaines questions ayant trait à la sécession du Québec du reste du Canada formulées dans

Added 30/05/2017

Reference re Secession of Quebec, [1998]

Reference re Secession of Quebec, [1998] 2 S.C.R. 217 []   IN THE MATTER OF Section 53 of the Supreme Court Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. S-26;   AND IN THE MATTER OF a Reference by the Governor in Council concerning certain questions relating to the secession of Quebec from Canada, as set out in Order

Added 30/05/2017

Letters Patent Constituting the Office of Governor General of Canada

Letters Patent Constituting the Office of Governor General of Canada Effective October 1, 1947 “GEORGE R.” CANADA George the Sixth, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith. [SEAL] To All To Whom these Presents shall come, GREETING: Whereas by certain Letters

Added 30/05/2017

Monck to Macdonald, May 24 1967

(Unofficial transcription) L. Monck                                                                                                                                                                           Confederation London – May 24 . 67   My dear Macdonald The proclamation appointing  the Union to come into operation on July 1 and nominating the members of the Senate was agreed to by the Queen in council on Wednesday last and appeared in the Gazette of that  ???????, so

Added 30/05/2017

Introduction To The Study Of The Law Of The Constitution by A. V. Dicey

This book is (as its title imports) an introduction to the study of the law of the constitution; it does not pretend to be even a summary, much less a complete account of constitutional law. It deals only with two or three guiding principles which pervade the modern constitution of England. My object in publishing

Added 30/05/2017

Les Résolutions de Québec 1864

Les Résolutions de Québec   Une union fédérale sous la couronne de la Grande-Bretagne aurait l’effet de sauvegarder les intérêts les plus chers et d’accroître la prospérité de l’Amérique du Nord-Britannique, pourvu qu’elle puisse s’effectuer à des conditions équitables pour les diverses provinces.   Le meilleur système de fédération pour les provinces de l’Amérique Britannique

Added 30/05/2017

Quebec Resolutions 1864

Report of Resolutions adopted at a Conference of Delegates from the Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, and the Colonies of Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island, held at the city of Quebec, October 10,1864, as the Basis of a proposed Confederation of those Provinces and Colonies The best interests and present and future

Added 30/05/2017

A consolidation of the Constitution Acts 1867 to 1982

CANADA: A CONSOLIDATION OF THE CONSTITUTION ACTS 1867 TO 1982 DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONSOLIDATED AS OF OCTOBER 1, 1989 FOREWORD This consolidation contains the text of the Constitution Act, 1867 (formerly the British North America Act, 1867), together with amendments made to it since its enactment, and the text of the Constitution Act, 1982, as

Added 30/05/2017

Loi constitutionnelle de 1867 à 1982

LOIS CONSTITUTIONNELLES DE 1867 à 1982 AVANT-PROPOS La présente codification contient le texte de la Loi constitutionnelle de 1867 (antérieurement l’Acte de l’Amérique du Nord britannique, 1867), avec les modifications apportées depuis son adoption, ainsi que le texte de la Loi constitutionnelle de 1982, avec les modifications apportées depuis son adoption. La Loi constitutionnelle de

Added 30/05/2017